August 20

How does your body react to a coke can ?

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Coke is a popular drink worldwide and Coca-cola as a trademark is one of the most highly evaluated & ranked trademark. However, does it really good for your body ? many studies have shown the true damage over long term consumption of soft drinks! here is an interesting infographic shows how is your body reacts after ingestion of one can of coke over time, the effect of sugar & caffeine  .. please click on the photo to enlarge it ..

 

coke-info

 

Thats it!

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August 16

5 Questions you have to ask before swallowing a medication

Swallow a medication
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Question #1:

What do you call this ?

Pretty basic, as the pharmacist or technician asking you about your ID or insurance ID, you have to ask him/her about the names of your medications even if you are refilling!

Knowing the name of medication is important at least to know what you are going to swallow and is it brand product or generic medication.

 

Question #2:

What is it for? probably you know what it is for! sure because you went to your physician asking for help to relieve your symptoms. However, asking this question will make you sure that you have the right medication that is matching with your health condition and even will minimize the probability of errors during dispensing your medication at the pharmacy.

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August 13

Commonly used pharmaceutical Antidotes

Poison
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This reminds me about that episode of Sherlock show when he was confused about two tablets, one is poison and the other is not! Actually, every single drug or tablet has both effects, the poisonous effect at the wrong dose and the remedy effect at the correct dose!

 

5490a-study

So, I am going to list the commonly used antidotes in pharmaceutical industry , trying to keep the list updated as possible, let me know if I missed one or you want to add an antidote, contact me!

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May 8

Pharmaceutical Substances knowledgebase

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Sort

Long time away from Phartoonz :ermm:  due to my personal duties & other projects that I work on. I want to share with all of you a beta version of a pharmaceutical substances database. It has 8000+ drugs & pharmaceutical related substances categorized and formatted for super easy basic data access.

Please find it here.

 

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December 25

what does insulin do to the body ? [Video]

insulin1
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When you hear the word insulin you may think of a drug taken by people who have diabetes either type 1 or type 2.

Yes this is true, but what you may not know that insulin is already one of hormones secreted by your body.

Insulin is important to the body, insulin allows the body sugar – glucose – to enter into the body cells to provide them with energy for their proper function.

When you eat your body breaks down the food into the smallest and simplest form which is glucose that travels within your blood stream to provide cells with energy.

So for glucose to get into the cells , it needs insulin hormone, when insulin arrives it signals the cells to activate glucose transporters. These transporters pull glucose through the cell wall into the cells to deliver energy.

So what if your body doesn’t have enough insulin ? ( Insulin deficiency )

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December 19

Video – Cardiac conduction system wtih ECG / EKG

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A good video that illustrate the conduction system of the heart with relationship to ECG.

 

 

Here are another articles & videos that are previously posted :

http://www.phartoonz.com/2015/07/24/cardiac-conduction-system-ecg-video/

http://www.phartoonz.com/2010/09/10/electrophysiology-phases-of-the-cardiac-cycle/

http://www.phartoonz.com/2010/09/25/how-to-read-ecg-basic-common-charts/

http://www.phartoonz.com/2010/09/02/electrical-conduction-system-of-the-heart/

 

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October 21

Interactive Eye Anatomy

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Get Adobe Flash player

 

The most popular questions ( FAQs ) about the eyes from Google :

What part of your eye is the iris?

The colored part of the eye is the iris. It controls light levels inside the eye . The round opening in the center of the iris is called the pupil. The iris is embedded with tiny muscles that dilate (widen) and constrict (narrow) the pupil size :blink: .

What part of the eye is the cornea?

The cornea is the transparent, dome-shaped window covering the front of the eye. It is a powerful refracting surface, providing 2/3 of the eye’s focusing power. It gives us a clear window to look through.

Where is the retina in your eye?

The retina is the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of our eye. Light rays are focused onto the retina through our cornea, pupil and lens. The retina converts the light rays into impulses that travel through the optic nerve to our brain, where they are interpreted as the images we see.

Is your eye a muscle?

There are six muscles that are present in the orbit  that attach to the eye to move it. These muscles work to move the eye up and down, side to side, and to rotate the eye. The superior rectus is an extraocular muscle that attaches to the top of the eye.

 

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October 17

HIV , AIDS illustrated by video

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HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus.

AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

HIV is very similar to a virus called SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus), which is found in monkeys.

Sorry about AIDS guys

The main ways HIV can be passed on to another human are:

  • during unprotected sex,
  • by using used injecting equipment, and
  • from a mother to the fetus during pregnancy, birth or through breastfeeding.
Sorry  :sad: , despite a lot of scientific research, there is still no true cure for HIV. Without treatment, HIV silently damages the immune system (the body’s defense system). Some of the damage cannot be repaired.

It’s much better to start taking treatment before the immune system is damaged – this helps prevent future illnesses. A blood test called a CD4 count tells you when it’s a good idea to start taking treatment.

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