Diseases Patho-physiology

Deep Vein Thrombosis – DVT explained by video

Venous thromboembolic disease represents a spectrum of conditions that includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

A blood clot in the deep venous system, a network of large veins with extensive branching that covers the whole body.

What are the Symptoms and Signs of a DVT?

Pain and swelling are usually the main symptoms of a DVT also, the area around a blood clot can feel warmer than the surrounding tissues.

Treatment of Deep venous thrombosis (DVT):

Blood thinning drugs know as anticoagulants are the major treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) to prevent further formation of blood clots. They are available in the form of an injection or oral tablets. I am going to make a separate post to talk about anticoagulation drugs.

Here is the video:

Risk factors for venous thromboembolic diseases:

  • Age.
  • Prolonged immobility.
  • Diabetes.
  • Trauma.
  • Malignancy.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Estrogenic medications.
  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Hyperhomocystinemia.
  • Inherited Thrombophilias.

DVT Risk Assessment: Wells Score System:

You can assess the risk through the following link:

http://reference.medscape.com/calculator/dvt-probability-wells-score

 

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